6 Cockfighting Festivals and Traditions Around the World

Though cockfighting is considered inhumane and banned in many parts of the world, it continues to be practiced in various cultures. Take a look at some of the notable cockfighting festivals and traditions around the world in this article.


Cockfighting in Southeast Asia

Philippines: Sabong

In the Philippines, cockfighting, locally known as “sabong,” is not just a pastime but a cultural institution. It has been practiced for centuries and is deeply embedded in the country’s social and cultural fabric. Sabong is so popular that it even has a dedicated television channel.

Major events, such as the World Slasher Cup held in Manila, attract participants and spectators from around the globe. These events often feature large cash prizes, and the fights are conducted in specially designed arenas called “cockpits.”

Indonesia: Adu Ayam

In Indonesia, cockfighting is known as “adu ayam” or “sabung ayam.” It is particularly prevalent in Bali, where it is intertwined with local Hindu rituals. Cockfights are often held during temple ceremonies and festivals, serving both religious and social purposes.

Despite its cultural significance, the Indonesian government has imposed restrictions on cockfighting due to animal welfare concerns, although it remains widespread, especially in rural areas.


Latin American Traditions

Mexico: Peleas de Gallos

Cockfighting, or “peleas de gallos,” is a popular tradition in Mexico, where it is seen as a blend of sport and spectacle. Major events are held throughout the country, drawing large crowds and significant betting.

In states like Jalisco and Michoacán, cockfighting is an integral part of local fairs and celebrations. The sport is regulated, with specific rules regarding the treatment of the animals and the conduct of the fights.

Dominican Republic: Pelea de Gallos

The Dominican Republic is another Latin American country where cockfighting holds a prominent place. Known locally as “pelea de gallos,” these events are a significant part of Dominican culture, often associated with festivals and holidays.

The country hosts numerous cockfighting arenas, and the sport is regulated by law, requiring licenses for both the birds and the venues.


Cockfighting in South Asia

India: Kodi Pandalu

In India, particularly in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana, cockfighting is known as “kodi pandalu.” It is especially popular during the Sankranti festival, which marks the harvest season.

Despite being illegal in many parts of India, cockfighting continues to be practiced, often with police turning a blind eye during festival times. The events are community gatherings where significant amounts of money are wagered, and the fights are seen as a test of skill and bravery.

Pakistan: Murga Bazi

In Pakistan, cockfighting is a traditional sport enjoyed primarily in rural areas. It is especially prevalent in the provinces of Punjab and Sindh. Cockfights are often held during local festivals and weddings, serving as a form of entertainment.

Although illegal, the practice persists due to its deep cultural roots. The birds used are specially bred and trained for combat, and the fights can attract large audiences and heavy betting.


Final Note

Cockfighting remains a contentious issue globally, balancing between cultural heritage and animal welfare concerns. While it is banned or restricted in many countries, it continues to thrive in others, often under the radar of legal enforcement.

The festivals and traditions surrounding cockfighting offer insight into the historical and cultural significance of the practice, even as the global community grapples with ethical considerations.

Understanding these festivals and traditions provides a window into the complex relationship between culture, tradition, and modernity. As societies evolve, the future of cockfighting remains uncertain, with ongoing debates likely to shape its practice in the years to come.